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Fire Science and Engineering 2011;25(6):156-167.
Published online December 31, 2011.
3차원 공간 기반의 화재피난 시뮬레이션 시스템 개발
황연정, 구원용, 황은경, 윤호주
A Development of Fire Evacuation Simulation System Based 3D Modeling
Hwang Yeon-Jung, Koo Won-Yong, Hwang Yen-Kyung, Youn Ho-Ju
최근 건물의 대형화, 고층화, 복잡화가 이루어지고 있으며, 건축물 화재 발생건수와 이로 인한 인명 및 재산 피해의 증가함에 따라 화재피난 시뮬레이션을 통한 건축물의 안전성 점검의 필요성이 대두되고 있다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 외산 프로그램에 의존하고 있는 화재피난 시뮬레이션 분야에 한국인의 특성을 고려한 시뮬레이션 시스템을 구현하고자 하였다. 그 결과 3차원 공간 정보 기반으로 공간의 토폴로지를 생성하고, 피난 경로를 탐색하는 화재피난 시뮬레이션을 구축하였다.
The number of buildings is growing at a rapid pace in Korea. It is driven by significant economic improvements, the rapid population growth and urban centralization. Such being this case, some city are underway to building enlargement, Manhattanization. To Solve these problem and ensure the safety of live, fire Evacuation Simulation system is used for safe check of buildings. Forecasting an egress behavior in building fire is so important in order to construct a safe and reliable environment. But, currently most of the fire evacuation simulation system used in practice are foreign software that is not reflect korean conditions. Thus, This study focus on objectives that develop a fire evacuation system considering Korean Characteristics and create 3D space-based topology. so the system calculate evacuation path. This system developed as a result of research can be used by architectural designer in practice due to it is based 3D spatial information modeling.
Key Words: Fire evacuation simulation, Space topology, 3D Spatial information, Topology, Evacuation path

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