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Int J Fire Sci Eng > Volume 30(2); 2016 > Article
Fire Science and Engineering 2016;30(2):92-97.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2016.30.2.092    Published online April 30, 2016.
필드모델에서 연료소모에 기초한 화학적 화염높이 산정
김성찬
경일대학교 소방방재학과
Estimation of Chemical Flame Height based on Fuel Consumption in a Fire Field Model
Kim Sung-Chan
Dept. of Fire Safety, Kyungil University
요약
본 연구는 필드모델에서 소모된 연료에 기초하여 화학적 화염높이를 산정하기 위한 방법을 검토하고자 한다. 높이 방향으로 HRRPUL의 누적값과 연료농도에 따른 계산 알고리즘을 FDS 해석결과에 적용하였으며 평균화학적 화염높이는 알고리즘을 적용한 순간화염높이의 시간평균을 통해 산정하였다. 연료농도에 기초한 평균화염높이는 HRRPUL의 누적값에 의해 계산된 화염높이와 10% 이내의 상향예측범위에서 일치된 결과를 보였다. 이러한 연구는 전산화재해석모델에서 정량적인 화염높이를 산정하고 보다 상세한 화재거동특성을 이해하는데 기여하고자 한다.
Abstract
The present study has been conducted to estimate the chemical flame height based on fuel consumption in fire field model. The calculation algorithms based on cumulative fraction of HRRPUL and fuel concentration along the z axis were applied to the results predicted by Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) version 6.3.2 and the mean chemical flame height was obtained by time averaging of instantaneous flame height with the algorithms. The mean flame height calculated by fuel concentration was quite well matched with that of cumulative value of HRRPUL within 10% over-prediction. This study contribute to a more detailed understanding of fire behavior and quantitative evaluation of flame height in the computational fire model.
Key Words: Flame height, Field model, Fire dynamics simulator, Heat release rate
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