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Int J Fire Sci Eng > Volume 33(2); 2019 > Article
Fire Science and Engineering 2019;33(2):47-55.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2019.33.2.047    Published online April 30, 2019.
건물 내 고체연료 화재에 대한 설계화재곡선 예측성능 평가
백빛나, 오창보
1부경대학교 안전공학과 대학원
2부경대학교 안전공학과
Evaluation of the Prediction Performance of Design Fire Curves for Solid Fuel Fire in a Building Space
Baek Bitna, Oh Chang Bo
1Dept. of Safety Engineering. Pukyong National University
2Dept. of Safety Engineering. Pukyong National University
요약
건물형태의 공간 내에서 발생한 고체연료 화재에 대해 Fire dynamics simulator (FDS)을 이용하여 설계화재곡선의 예측성능을 실험결과와 비교하여 평가하였다. FDS의 연소모델로서는 EDC 2-step mixing controlled를 적용하였으며 검토된 설계화재곡선들은 기존 연구들에서 제안한 2-stage design fire (TDF) 곡선, Quadratic 및 Exponential design fire 곡선들이다. 시뮬레이션 결과는 건물 내 연기 전파과정이 설계화재곡선에 많은 영향을 받는 것을 확인하였다. 설계화재곡선을 이용한 시뮬레이션은 건물 내 실험온도결과에 대해 합리적으로 예측하고 TDF가 가장 온도를 무난하게 예측하는 것을 확인하였다. 그리고 각 설계화재곡선의 화학종 농도에 대한 예측은 실험과 충분히 예측하지 못하는 것을 확인하였다. 이점은 본 연구에서 사용한 연소모델은 고체연료 화재에 대한 시뮬레이션에 적합하지 않음을 나타내며 고체연료의 예측에 대한 FDS 연소모델에 대한 연구가 추가적으로 필요해 보인다.
Abstract
The prediction performance of design fire curves was evaluated using a Fire dynamics simulator (FDS) for a solid fuel fire in a building space by comparing the results with experimental data. EDC 2-step mixing controlled combustion model was used in the FDS simulations and the previously suggested 2-stage design fire (TDF), Quadratic and Exponential design fire curves were used as the FDS inputs. The simulation results showed that smoke propagation in the building space was significantly affected by the design fire curves. The predictions of simulations using design fire curves for the experimental temperatures in the building space were reasonable, but the TDF was found to be the most acceptable for predicting temperature. The predictions with each design fire curve of species concentrations showed insufficient agreement with the experiments. This suggests that the combustion model used in this study was not optimized for the simulation of a solid fuel fire, and additional studies will be needed to examine the combustion model on the FDS prediction of solid fires.
Key Words: Design fire curve, Fire dynamics simulator, Building fire, Solid fuel fire


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