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Int J Fire Sci Eng > Volume 33(2); 2019 > Article
Fire Science and Engineering 2019;33(2):98-106.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2019.33.2.098    Published online April 30, 2019.
리튬배터리와 관련된 차량화재 사례 및 원인조사 기법 분석
전주대학교 소방안전공학과
Analysis of Car Fire Cases Related to a Lithium Battery and Cause Investigation Technique
Lee Eui-Pyeong
Dept. of Fire Safety Engineering, Jeonju Univ.
차량의 내비게이션과 블랙박스의 보조배터리로 리튬배터리가 사용되고 있어 리튬배터리와 관련된 차량화재가 발생하고 있다. 발화개소 내에 리튬배터리가 있을 때, 리튬배터리에서 발화된 것인지 화재로 인해 리튬배터리가 피해를 입은 것인지를 판별하는 화재조사 기법이 정립되어 있지 않다. 이 논문에서는 리튬배터리와 관련된 차량화재 사례들을 소개하고, 리튬배터리의 화재발생 원인을 분석하며, 리튬배터리에서 발화된 것인지 외부에서 발화된 후 리튬배터리가 화재로 인한 피해를 입은 것인지를 객관적으로 판별할 수 있는 화재조사기법을 제안하고 있다.
As lithium batteries have been used for car navigation systems and as the second battery for black boxes, lithium battery-related car fires have often occurred. In the case a lithium battery is the fire origin, a fire investigation technique has not been established to determine if a battery ignites or whether the lithium battery is damaged by fire. This study introduced car fire cases related to lithium batteries, analyzed the causes of a fire of a lithium battery, and proposed fire investigation techniques to objectively determine if a lithium battery ignites or whether a lithium battery is damaged by fire after external ignition.
Key Words: Car fire, Lithium battery fire, Fire investigation, Fire cause analysis
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