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Fire Science and Engineering 1996;10(4):3-12.
Published online December 31, 1996.
The effect of cooling rate on electrical properties of ZnO varistor for Fire Alarm Circuit
Lee Duck-Chool, Kim Yong-Hyuk, Chu Soon-Nam
1Dept.of Electronics Engineering, Inha University
2Dept. of Elctrical Engineering Kyung Won College
3Dept. of Elctrical Engineering Kyung Won College
본 연구에서는 화재 감지 회로 등에 사용되는 ZnO 바리스터의 제조과정중 냉각 속도가 전기적 특성에 미치는 영향에 대하여 조사한 것이다. 냉각 속도의 변화에 따른 시편의 미세구조, 전압-전류 특성, 복합임피던스 측정을 하였다. 냉각 속도 $200^{circ}$/h에서 비오옴계수나 바리스터 동작 전압의 최대치를 나타내었다. 이것은 냉각과정 중 형성된 결정입계에 성질에 의존됨을 알았다. 복합임피던스는 100Hz-13MHz의 주파수 범위에서 측정하였으며, 반원의 특성을 검토한 결과 결정립이나 결정입계의 저항이 냉각 속도에 크게 의존되고 있음을 확인하였다.
The aim of the present study is to find out the effect of cooling rate on the electrical behavior of ZnO varistors. The microstructure, 1-V characteristics and complex impedance spectra were investigated under the change of cooling rates. It is found that at cooling rate $200^{circ}$/h, nonlinearity and breakdown voltage reached a maximum value which may show that good intergranular layer is formed as a results of proper cooling rate. Complex Impedance spectras were measured as a function of frequency range 100Hz to 13MHz to determine grain and grainboundary resistance. The semicircles were attributed to the dependence of grain and grainboundary resistance on cooling rates.
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