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Int J Fire Sci Eng > Volume 33(2); 2019 > Article
Fire Science and Engineering 2019;33(2):155-163.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2019.33.2.155    Published online April 30, 2019.
소방공무원의 직무스트레스와 경력탄력성의 관계: 직무효능감의 매개효과
한혜경, 김갑숙
1영남대학교 미술치료학과 대학원
2영남대학교 환경보건대학원 미술치료학과
The Relationship between Job Stress and Career Resilience of Fire Fighting Officers: The Mediation Effect of the Job Efficacy
Han Hye Kyung, Kim Gab Sook
1Dept. of Art Therapy, Graduate School, Yeungnam University
2Dept. of Art Therapy, Graduate School of Environment and Public Health Studies, Yeungnam University
본 연구는 소방공무원의 직무스트레스와 경력탄력성의 관계에서 직무효능감의 매개효과를 알아보고자 하였다. 연구의 대상은 제주지역에 소재한 4개 소방서에 근무하고 있는 소방공무원 151명이며, 연구도구는 직무스트레스(SPSS) 척도, 경력탄력성 척도, 직무효능감 척도를 사용하였다. 자료분석은 상관분석, 회귀분석, Sobel test를 실시하였다. 본 연구의 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째 소방공무원의 직무스트레스는 경력탄력성, 직무효능감과 부적 상관이 있었으며, 직무효능감과 경력탄력성은 정적 상관이 있었다. 둘째 직무효능감은 직무스트레스와 경력탄력성의 관계에서 완전 매개하는 것으로 나타났다. 이상의 결과로 볼 때 소방공무원의 직무스트레스에 대처할 수 있는 매개자원인 직무효능감은 소방공무원의 경력탄력성을 향상시킴으로써 업무의 효율성을 높일 수 있음을 확인 할 수 있었다. 끝으로 연구결과에 대한 논의와 후속 연구에 대한 제언을 하였다.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediation effect of the job efficacy on the relationship between job stress and career resilience of fire fighting officers. The participants of this study were 151 Jeju Island local fire fighting officers. The research tools used were job stress scale, career resilience scale and job efficacy scale. The data were analyzed using the SPSS statistical program. Pearson's correlation analysis, hierarchical multiple regression analysis and the Sobel test were conducted. The results of this study are as follows: First, there was a significant negative correlation between the job stress and the career resilience and between the job stress and the job efficacy, while there was a significant positive correlation between the job efficacy and the career resilience. Second, the job efficacy of fire fighting officers was found to have a perfect mediation effect on the job stress and the career resilience. As a result, it was found that job efficiency as a mediator to cope with job stress can improve the work efficiency by improving the career resilience of fire fighting officers. Finally, the discussion and implication are provided based on the results.
Key Words: Fire fighting officers, Job stress, Career resilience, Job efficacy

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