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Fire Science and Engineering 2009;23(3):79-84.
Published online June 30, 2009.
도로터널 화재시 반횡류식 환기방식에서의 최적배연 연구(대배기구 방식)
김종윤, 전용한
1한국소방안전협회2상지영서대학 소방안전과
A Study on the Effective Fire and Smoke Control in Road-Tunnel with Semi-Transverse Ventilation (Oversized Exhaust System)
Kim Jong-Yoon, Jeon Yong-Han
도로터널의 환기 시스템은 차량 화재시 안전한 대피환경을 조성하는데 중요한 역할을 하며 종류환기방식과 횡류환기방식으로 대별된다. 본 연구에서는 횡류환기방식에서 대배기방식에 대한 터널내 풍속, 배연풍량, 개방되는 배기구의 위치에 따른 유동가시화 실험을 수행하여 연기의 이동특성을 고찰하였다. 그 결과 배연풍량을 연기발생량(Vc = 0)일 때 연기를 250m 이내로 제한할 수 있었으며, 터널 풍속이 1.75m/s와 2.5m/s일 때 배연풍량은 각각 $173m^3/s$, $236m^3/s$을 초과하여만 연기이동 거리가 250m로 제한할 수 있었으며 화재지점 가까이에 있는 2개의 배기구를 동시에 개방하는 경우가 배연이 더 잘 이루어졌다.
The smoke control system plays the most important role in securing evacuation environment when a fire occurs in road tunnels. Smoke control methods in road tunnels are classified into two categories which are longitudinal ventilation system and transverse ventilation system. In this study it is intended to review the characteristics of smoke behavior by performing numerical analysis for calculating the optimal smoke exhaust air volume when a fire occurs in tunnels in which transverse ventilation is applied, and for obtaining the basic data required for the design of smoke exhaust systems by deriving optimal smoke exhaust operational conditions for various conditions. As a result of this study, when the critical velocity in the tunnel is 1.75m/s and 2.5m/s, the optimal smoke exhaust air volume has to be more than $173m^3/s$, $236m^3/s$ for the distance of the smoke moving which can limit the distance to 250m. In addition, in case of uniform exhaust the generated smoke is effectively taken away if the two exhaust holes near the fire region are opened at the same time.
Key Words: Transverse ventilation, Oversized exhaust system

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